The following changes in standards were applied to the consolidated financial statements.
|IFRS 16 – Leases||1986/2017||The effect of the application of IFRS 16 is described in section 5.2.2.|
|Amendment to IFRS 9 – prepayments with negative compensation||498/2018||Certain options, which force a lender to accept reduced compensation for granting financing (in the case of negative compensation) failed to pass the SPPI test; accordingly any instruments containing such options could not be classified as measured at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income. According to the amendment, the positive or negative sign of the prepayment amount will not be important; this means that, depending on the interest rate in effect when the agreement is terminated, payment can be made to a party resulting in prepayment. This compensation must be calculated in the same manner for both a penalty for prepayment and also for a gain earned on prepayment. The change did not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|IFRIC 23 interpretation – Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments||1595/2018||The interpretation is applied when there is uncertainty to the determination of taxable profit, tax losses, taxable income, outstanding tax losses, unused tax credits and tax rates under IAS 12. This interpretation was applied in the PZU Group. Additional information on this matter is presented in section 24.2.|
|Amendment to IAS 28 – Long-term interests in associates and joint ventures||237/2019||According to the amended IAS 28, long-term interests in associates and joint ventures for which the company does not apply the equity method, the applicable standard is IFRS 9, also with regard to impairment. The change did not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|Amendments to IAS 19 Employee Benefits||402/2019||The amendment contains clarifications for the guidelines in case of a plan amendment, curtailment or settlement during the reporting period. The amendments require entities, after such an event, to use updated actuarial assumptions to calculate current service cost and net interest for the remaining part of the reporting period. The amendments also clarify how requirements concerning the plan’s amendment, curtailment or settlement affect asset threshold requirements. The IASB has decided that the scope of these amendments does not cover the settlement of “significant market fluctuation” (in euro). The amendments apply to plan amendments, curtailments or settlements that will take place on or after 1 January 2019, with the possibility of earlier application. The change did not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|Annual improvements to IFRS 2015-2017||412/2019||The amendments pertain to: IFRS 3 – the amendments clarify that when an entity obtains control of a business that is a joint operation, it remeasures previously held interests in that business; IFRS 11 – the amendments clarify that when an entity obtains joint control of a business that is a joint operation, the entity does not remeasure previously held interests in that business. IAS 12 – the amendments specify that any income tax consequences of dividends (i.e. profit distribution) should be recognized in the profit and loss account, regardless of how the tax arises; IAS 23 – the amendments clarify that if specific loans remain outstanding but the asset is ready for use or sale, the loans are treated as general purpose loans for calculation of the capitalization rate on total loans. The amendments did not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
IFRS 16 has replaced IAS 17 Leases and any interpretations related to this standard and has introduced a full model of identification and settlement of leases in the lessors’ and lessees’ financial statements. The most important change pertains to lessees, for which the new standard eliminates the distinction between financial leases and operating leases.
Introduction of a new standard for contracts previously classified as operating leases in the statement of financial position has resulted in the recognition of a new asset (the right to use the leased object) and a new liability (the liability of remitting lease payments).
Recognition of leases on the lessor’s side has in most cases remained unchanged due to the maintenance of the breakdown between operating leases and financial leases.
Applying IFRS 16 the PZU Group made the following assumptions and adopted the following practical approaches permitted by the standard:
In the consolidated profit and loss account for 2019, fees related to lease and rental were replaced by the amortization of the right to use the leased object and by interest expenses on lease liabilities.
The principles of recognizing right-of-use assets and lease liabilities under IFRS 16 are presented in section 47.
|Items of the statement of financial position||31 December 2018 (under IAS 17)||Recognition of lease contracts||1 January 2019 (under IFRS 16)|
|Property, plant and equipment||3,184||1,250||4,434|
|Marginal interest rates applied to the measurement of lease liabilities as at 1 January 2019, by contract currency|
|PLN||1.60% – 10.00%|
|EUR||0.10% – 3.20%|
|USD||3.31% – 4.11%|
|GBP||1.41% – 2.78%|
|Reconciliation of operating lease liabilities recognized in accordance with IAS 17 to liabilities recognized in accordance with IFRS 16|
|Value of operating lease liabilities (IAS17) as at 31 December 2018||1,180|
|Value of finance lease liabilities (IAS17) as at 31 December 2018||10|
|Recognition of new liabilities in accordance with IFRS 16||366|
|Lease liabilities (IFRS 16) as at 1 January 2019||1,311|
|Name of standard/interpretation||Effective date||Approving regulation||Comments|
|Amendments to the framework||1 January 2020||2019/2075||The amended conceptual assumptions contain several new concepts pertaining to measurement, they incorporate the updated definitions and criteria for recognizing assets and liabilities and the guidelines for reporting financial results. Additionally, they contain explanations pertaining to important areas such as the role of management, prudence and the uncertainty of measurement in financial statements. The amendments will not have a significant influence on the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|Amendments to IAS 1 and IAS 8 – definition of materiality||1 January 2020||2019/2104||According to the new definition, information is material if one may justifiably expect that if it is overlooked, distorted or concealed this may affect the decisions made by the main users of financial statements on the basis of these financial statements. The change will not affect to a material extent the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|Amendments to IFRS 9 and IFRS 7 – reform of the interest rate benchmarks||1 January 2020||2020/34||This amendment requires the preparation of qualitative and quantitative disclosures to enable users of financial statements to understand how the entity’s hedging relationships are affected by uncertainty arising from the benchmark interest rate reform. The amendments introduce temporary exceptions from applying specific hedge accounting requirements in such a way that the reform of interest rate benchmarks does not result in the termination of hedge relations. The key exceptions apply to the requirements that the cash flows are “highly probable”, risk components, prospective assessments, retrospective effectiveness assessments and reclassification of the cash flow hedge provision. The PZU Group is currently analyzing the impact of the amendment on its consolidated financial statements.|
|Name of standard/interpretation||Date of issue by IASB||Effective date (according to IASB)||Comments|
|IFRS 17 – Insurance contracts||18 May 2017||1 January 2022||
The purpose of the standard is to establish the uniform accounting policy for all types of insurance contracts, including the reinsurance contracts held by the insurer. Introduction of this unified standard should ensure comparability of financial reports between different entities, states and capital markets. The new standard defines insurance contract as a contract under which one entity accepts significant insurance risk from the policyholder by agreeing to compensate the policyholder if a specified uncertain future event adversely affects the policyholder. The scope of the standard does not cover, among others, investment contracts, product warranties, loan guarantees, catastrophe bonds and so-called weather derivatives (contracts requiring payment based on the climatic, geological factor or another physical variable that is not specific to the party to the contract). The standard introduces a definition of contract boundary, defining its beginning as the beginning of coverage, the date when first premium becomes due, the moment when facts and circumstances indicate that the contract belongs to the group of onerous contracts – whichever is earliest. The end of the contract boundary occurs when the insurer has the right or practical ability to reassess the risk for a particular policyholder or a policy group, and the premium measurement does not cover the risk related to future periods. In accordance with IFRS 17, contracts will be measured by one of the following methods:
- General Measurement Model, GMM – the basic measurement model, wherein the total value of the insurance liability is calculated as the sum of:
|Amendment to IFRS 3 – Business combinations||22 October 2018||1 January 2020||The amendments aim to state precisely the difference between the acquisition of a business and an asset acquisition. The amendments will not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
|Amendment to IAS 1 – classifying liabilities as current and non-current||23 January 2020||1 January 2022||The amendments specify that the conditions which exist at the end of the reporting period are those which will be used to determine if a right to defer settlement of a liability exists and also that the intentions or expectations of an entity regarding the willingness to use the possibility of deferring a liability are not relevant for the classification. The amendments will not affect the PZU Group’s consolidated financial statements.|
In summary, in the opinion of the PZU Group, the introduction of the above standards and interpretations (except for IFRS 17) will have no material effect on the accounting policies applied by the PZU Group.